Places to visit in Sri Lanka

KANDY
Kandy city in Sri Lanka is a large city in central Sri Lanka. It's set on a plateau surrounded by mountains, which are home to tea plantations and biodiverse rainforest. The city's heart is scenic Kandy Lake (Bogambara Lake), which is popular for strolling. Kandy is famed for sacred Buddhist sites, including the Temple of the Tooth (Sri Dalada Maligawa) shrine, celebrated with the grand Esala Perahera annual procession.
Kingdom of Kandy was an independent monarchy of Sri Lanka. Located in the central and eastern portion of the island. It was founded in the late 15th century and endured until the early 19th century. Initially a client kingdom of kingdom of Kotte. Kandy gradually established itself as an independent force during the tumultuous 16th and 17th centuries, allying at various times with the Jaffna kingdom. The Portuguese and the Dutch to ensure its survival. From the 1590s, it was the sole independent native polity on the island of Sri Lanka, and through a combination of hit-and-run tactics and diplomacy kept European colonial forces at bay, before finally succumbing to final, British colonial rule in 1818. The kingdom was absorbed into the British Empire as a protectorate following the Kandyan convention of 1815, and definitively lost its autonomy following the Uva Rebellion of 1817.

EMBEKKE DEVALAYA IN KANDY
THOUGH MUCH ATTENTION HAS NOT PAID BY THE AVERAGED TOURIST ABOUT THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN THE FINEST WOOD CARVING WORK IN SRI LANKA. THE DEVALAYA LOCATED IN UDU NUWARA. WAS CONSTRUCTED BY KING VIKRAMABAHU 3 (1357-1374 A.D) DURING THE GAMPOLA REIGN. ACCORDING TO THE HISTORICAL RECORDS IT WAS BUILT AROUND 1370’S. THE EMBEKKE DEVALA IS AN EDIFICE TO WORSHIP MAHASEN SO CALLED AS KATARAGAMA DEVIYO. SIMULTANEOUSLY THERE ARE 3 SECTIONS OF THE HOLY PLACE. IN DETAIL THEY ARE HEVISI MANDAPAYA (DRUMMER’S HALL), DIGGE (DANCING HALL) SANCTUM OR GARAGHA.
THE TEMPLE SITE WAS DESIGNED BY A DRUMMER CALLED RANGAMA AND THE QUEEN OF VICKRAMABAHU 1 NAMED HENAKANDA BISO BANDARA. EARLIER THE DEVALAYA WAS A THREE STORIED ONE BUT TODAY YOU CAN SEE THE SPECTACULAR CARVINGS OF THE REMAINING. IT IS HIGHLIGHTED IN THE ‘EMBEKKE DEVALA VARBNANAVA’ ABOUT THIS CONSTRUCTION AND THE GREAT SRI LANKAN ARCHITECTURE USED. THE GREAT EMBEKKE DEVALAYA BECAME MORE FAMOUS BECAUSE OF THE EXQUISITE AND INTRICATE WOOD CARVINGS ON THE PILLARS OF THE DRUMMER’S HALL. SINCE EMBEKKE DEVALAYA WAS DECLARED AS A NATIONAL HERITAGE SITE IT HAS BECOME A HIGH RANKED TOURISM DESTINATION OF SRI LANKA. AS SOON AS YOU ENTER THE DEVALAYA THESE WOOD CARVINGS IN THE PILLARS AND ROOF ARE AMAZING. CARVINGS OF WOODEN FLOWERS, SWANS, AND MYTHICAL ANIMALS UNDERNEATH THE DEVALA ROOF ARE PROVED TO BE HYPNOTIZED. EVEN THE NAILS USED TO BUILD THE COLUMNS ALSO WOODEN NAILS. THE ANNUAL PERAHERA IS A SPECIAL FUNCTION WHICH TAKES PLACE. MANY TOURISTS ARE COTTON ON TO SEE THE DRUMMERS, TRADITIONAL DANCERS, BEAUTIFULLY DECORATED ELEPHANTS AND WHIP CRACKERS. THE REMAINING CARVED TIMBER PILLARS AND BEAMS WERE BUILT DURING THE SUPREMACY OF KING RAJADHI RAJASINGHA. BEING AN MONUMENT OF KANDIYAN WOOD CARVING THE DEVALA SITE IS OPEN TO THE PUBLIC. BUT REMEMBER NOT TO ENTER THE LOCATION WITH YOUR SHOES AND SLIPPERS. EACH CARVING HAS A HISTORICAL VALUE, NAME AND A STORY. 126 DIFFERENT DECORATIONS, 256 PATTERNS OF ‘LIYAWEL’ AND 64 LOTUS FLOWER DESIGNS ARE THE FEATURES USED BY THE CRAFTSMAN. EVEN FEW OF THE FLORAL DESIGNS ARE ADDED IN TO THE ORDINARY LEVEL SYLLABUS. YOU CAN ALSO VISIT THE ‘SINHASANA MANDAPA’ FEW METERS AWAY FROM THE DEVALAYA WHICH THE KING USED TO SIT AT HIS THRONE AND WATCH THE PERAHERA.

ADAMS PEAK
FOR A LONG PERIOD SRI PADA WAS SUPPOSED TO BE THE HIGHEST MOUNTAIN IN CEYLON, BUT ACTUAL SURVEY MAKES IT ONLY 7353 FT. ABOVE SEA-LEVEL. THIS ELEVATION IS CHIEFLY REMARKABLE AS THE RESORT OF PILGRIMS FROM ALL PARTS OF THE EAST. THE HOLLOW IN THE LOFTY ROCK THAT CROWNS THE SUMMIT IS SAID BY THE HINDUS TO BE THE FOOTSTEP OF SIVA, BY THE BUDDHISTS OF BUDDHA, BY THE MUSLIMS OF ADAM. THE FOOTSTEP IS COVERED BY A HANDSOME ROOF, AND IS GUARDED BY THE PRIESTS OF A RICH MONASTERY HALF-WAY UP THE MOUNTAIN, WHO MAINTAIN A SHRINE ON THE SUMMIT OF THE PEAK."
SRI PADA IS FIRST MENTIONED (AS `SAMANTHAKUTA') IN THE DEEPAWAMSA, THE EARLIEST PALI CHRONICLE, (4TH CENTURY), AND ALSO IN THE 5TH CENTURY CHRONICLE MAHAWAMSA, WHERE IT IS STATED THAT THE BUDDHA VISITED THE MOUNTAIN PEAK. THE CHRONICLE RAJAVALIYA STATES THAT THE KING VALAGAMBA (1ST CENTURY BCE) HAD TAKEN REFUGE IN THE FORESTS OF ADAM'S PEAK AGAINST INVADERS FROM INDIA, AND LATER RETURNED TO ANURADHAPURA. THE MAHAWAMSA AGAIN MENTIONS THE VISIT OF KING VIJAYABAHU (1058–1114) TO THE MOUNTAIN. THE FAMOUS CHINESE PILGRIM AND BUDDHIST TRAVELER FA HIEN STAYED IN SRI LANKA IN 411–12 CE AND MENTIONS SRI PADA ALTHOUGH IT IS NOT MADE CLEAR WHETHER HE ACTUALLY VISITED IT. THE ITALIAN MERCHANT MARCO POLO IN HIS TRAVEL OF 1298 CE NOTED THAT ADAM'S PEAK WAS AN IMPORTANT PLACE OF PILGRIMAGE BUT DID NOT MENTION A FOOTPRINT IN THE ROCK. THE ARAB TRAVELER IBN BATTUTA CLIMBED TO THE SUMMIT OF THE MOUNTAIN WHICH HE CALLED SARANDĪB IN 1344 CE. IN HIS DESCRIPTION HE MENTIONS A STAIRWAY AND IRON STANCHIONS WITH CHAINS TO HELP THE PILGRIMS.

MINI ADAM PEAK – ELLA
LITTLE ADAMS PEAK WHETHER CONSIDERING THE WORD LITTLE, IT IS NAMED AFTER THE SACRED ADAMS PEAK (SRI PADA –WHERE THE FOOT PRINT OF LORD BUDDHA IS PRESERVED) REGARDING THE SIMILARITY BETWEEN THE TWO MOUNTAINS. THEREFORE THE MOUNTAIN WAS CALLED AS LITTLE ADAMS PEAK.
“PUNCHI SRI PADA” IS ANOTHER NAME FOR THIS PEAK. IT IS 1141 M IN HEIGHT. ATTRACTS MANY TRAVELERS WHO COME TO SRI LANKA. GRADUALLY WITH AN EASY HIKE UP TO THE MOUNTAIN YOU CAN CONSUMMATION A WORTH PANORAMIC VIEW. YOU HAVE TO WALK THROUGH LUSH GREEN TEA PLANTATIONS, WATERFALLS AND PADDY FIELDS WHILE ENJOYING THE SCENERIES. IT WILL BE PRICELESS IF YOU COULD VISIT THE PLACE IN THE MORNING WHEN THE CLOUDS ROLL IN. FURTHER PLACES LIKE LITTLE ADAMS PEAK DELIBERATES ‘HOW FAR SRI LANKA IS WORTH AND RICH WITH BEAUTIFUL NATURAL DESTINATIONS OF SRI LANKAN. IT WILL FEEL LIKE A NECK EXERCISE FOR YOU HAVE TO ROTATE YOUR BODY TO SEEK THE VIEWS OUTSTANDING FOR 360 DEGREES.

  • Kandy
  • Sigiriya
  • Anuradhapura
  • Galle
  • Polonnaruwa
  • Cave Temple Dambulla
  • Sinharaja Forest
  • Central Highlands of Sri Lanka
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