Sri Lanka at a Glance






Official Name  :  Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Government Type  :  Republic
Location  :  Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50. north, Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52., 650km north of the equator
Dimensions  :  430km North to South, 225km East to West
Coastline  :  1,340km
Area  :  65,525km
Currency (code)  :  Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Independence  :  4 February 1948
Administrative Capital  :  Sri Jayewardenepura
Commercial Capital  :  Colombo
Administrative Divisions  :  Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March) bringing unsettled weather to the north and east, and a southwest monsoon (June to October) bringing bad weather to the south and west
Terrain  :  Mostly low, flat to rolling plain; mountains in south-central interior
Highest Mountain  :  Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest Waterfall  :  Bambarakanda, 263m
National Flower  :  The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata)
National Parks and Nature Reserves Area  :  8,000sq.km
Population  :  21,128,773
Population Growth Rate  :  1.3%
Population Density  :  309 people per sq km
Life Expectancy at Birth  :  74 - Female & 64 - Male
Literacy Rate  :  Female 87.9 & Male 92.5
Ethnic Groups  :  Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors, 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Languages  :  Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
Note: English (a link language commonly) is used in government and spoken competently by about 10% of the population
Religion  :  Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census)
Time Zone  :  Sri Lanka Standard Time is five and a half hours ahead of GMT. (Allowance should be made for summer-time changes in Europe.)
International Dialing  :  +94
Electricity  :  230 . 240 volts, 50 cycles AC. If you travel with a laptop computer bring a stabilizer
Economy  :  Sri Lanka's most dynamic sectors are food processing, textiles and apparel, food and beverages, port construction, telecommunications, insurance and banking. In 2006, plantation crops made up only 15% of exports (90% in 1970), while textiles and garments accounted for more than 60%. About 800,000 Sri Lankans work abroad, 90% of them in the Middle East. They send home more than US$1 billion a year.
Labour Force  :  34.3% of the labour population is employed in agriculture, 25.3% in industry and 40.4% in services: 40.4% (30 June 2006 est.) The unemployment rate is 5.7% (2007 est.)
Agriculture & Products  :  Rice, Sugarcane, Grains, Pulses, Oilseed, Spices, Tea, Rubber, Coconuts, milk, Eggs, Hides, Beef, Fish
Industries  :  Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities, telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles, cement, petroleum refining.
Exports  :  Textiles and apparel; tea and spices; diamonds, emeralds, rubies; coconut products, rubber manufactures, fish
Imports  :  Main import commodities are textile fabrics, mineral products, petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and transportation equipment: $10.61 billion f.o.b. (2007 est.). Percentage of main commodities from main import partners: India 19.6%, China 10.5%, Singapore 8.8%, Iran 5.7%, Malaysia 5.1%, Hong Kong 4.2%, Japan 4.1% (2006)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)  :  Purchasing power parity: $81.29 billion (2007 est.). Official exchange rate: $30.01 billion (2007 est.) Real growth rate: 6.3% (2007 est.) Per capita: $4,100 (2007 est.) composition by sector: Agriculture: 16.5% Industry: 26.9%
Gross National Product (GNP)  :  Sri Lanka is placed in 76th place in GNP figures of the world’s nations with $22.8 billion (2005)
Flag Description  :  Yellow with two panels; the smaller hoist-side panel has two equal vertical bands of green (hoist side) and orange; the other panel is a large dark red rectangle with a yellow lion holding a sword, and there is a yellow bo leaf in each corner; the yellow field appears as a border around the entire flag and extends between the two panels.


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